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ePublished: 01 Jan 2014
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J Nephropharmacol. 2014;3(1): 15-20.
  Abstract View: 1547
  PDF Download: 2801

Mini-Review

Diabetic nephropathy; principles of diagnosis and treatment of diabetic kidney disease

Chaudhary Muhammad Junaid Nazar 1 *

1 Department of Endocrinology, University of Buckingham, Royal Gwent Hospital, NHS Trust, Wales, UK
*Corresponding author: Chaudhary Muhammad Junaid Nazar, dr.cmjnazar@live.co.uk

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a leading epidemic of the present world. It is considered the leading cause of death among end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. The complications associated with diabetes mellitus have boosted the number of deaths in the last years. These complications are the result of long lasting effects of diabetes mellitus on the glomerular microvasculature of the kidney. Diabetic nephropathy (DN) develops in patients with several years’ medical history of diabetes and renal failure. However, research shows that patients with type 1 diabetes progress early to ESRD as compared to those with type 2. DN is more prevalent in ethnic minorities as compared to other groups in society. There are new and different treatment options available since medical science has progressed due to increased research efforts. Unfortunately, there is no permanent cure. The aim of this article is to explore the research of therapeutic strategies currently in use by medical practitioners in order to increase understanding of DN.
Keywords: Diabetic nephropathy, End Stage renal disease, Diabetes mellitus

Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:

Diabetes mellitus is a leading epidemic of the present world. It is considered the leading cause of death among end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. The complications associated with diabetes mellitus have boosted the number of deaths in the last years. These complications are the result of long lasting effects of diabetes mellitus on the glomerular microvasculature of the kidney. Diabetic nephropathy (DN) develops in patients with several years’ medical history of diabetes and renal failure.

Please cite this paper as: Nazar CMJ. Diabetic nephropathy; principles of diagnosis and treatment of diabetic kidney disease. J Nephropharmacol 2014; 3(1): 15-20.

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