Logo-npj
Submitted: 10 Jul 2019
Accepted: 25 Sep 2019
ePublished: 13 Oct 2019
EndNote EndNote

(Enw Format - Win & Mac)

BibTeX BibTeX

(Bib Format - Win & Mac)

Bookends Bookends

(Ris Format - Mac only)

EasyBib EasyBib

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Medlars Medlars

(Txt Format - Win & Mac)

Mendeley Web Mendeley Web
Mendeley Mendeley

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Papers Papers

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

ProCite ProCite

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Reference Manager Reference Manager

(Ris Format - Win only)

Refworks Refworks

(Refworks Format - Win & Mac)

Zotero Zotero

(Ris Format - Firefox Plugin)

J Nephropharmacol. 2020;9(2): e13.
doi: 10.34172/npj.2020.13

Scopus ID: 85086026881
  Abstract View: 226
  PDF Download: 105

Case Report

Decongestive diuresis using combination intravenous loop diuretics plus chlorothiazide in type 1 acute cardiorenal syndrome and worsening acute kidney injury; a neglected paradigm in resource-poor settings

Macaulay Amechi Chukwukadibia Onuigbo 1,2 * ORCID logo

1 The Robert Larner, M.D. College of Medicine, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, USA
2 College of Business, University of Wisconsin MBA Consortium, Eau Claire, WI, USA
*Corresponding author: Macaulay Amechi Chukwukadibia Onuigbo, Email: macaulay.onuigbo@uvmhealth.org

Abstract

Over the last decade or more, there has grown a body of evidence demonstrating that renal dysfunction in heart failure is a combination of forward failure from reduced cardiac output and therefore reduced glomerular filtration rate, as well as “congestive renal failure” secondary to renal venous hypertension. We had demonstrated the efficacy of combination intravenous loop diuretics used concurrently with intravenous chlorothiazide to achieve significant renal salvage in such patients at the Mayo Clinic Health System in Northwestern Wisconsin. We describe a similar recent experience with three consecutive elderly patients at the University of Vermont Medical Center, Burlington, VT, USA. We posit that this paradigm of care is underutilized. We argue that aggressive decongestive therapy with combination intravenous loop and thiazide diuretics is a neglected and underutilized mechanism and must be utilized more frequently in the treatment of worsening renal failure with type 1 cardiorenal syndrome. This imperative is even most compelling in resource-poor settings where mechanical ultrafiltration with dialysis or similar machines is not available or simply not affordable. Moreover, we had also demonstrated that accelerated rising Pro B natriuretic peptide (Pro-BNP) in such patients portends a good prognosticator for renal salvage. We present here three consecutive elderly patients recently so managed successfully at the University of Vermont Medical Center in Burlington, VT, USA.
Keywords: Acute kidney injury, Congestive renal failure, Loop diuretics, Resource-poor settings, Thiazide diuretics, Type I acute cardiorenal syndrome

Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:

Accruing evidence has shown that renal dysfunction in heart failure is a combination of forward failure from reduced cardiac output and therefore reduced glomerular filtration rate, as well as “congestive renal failure” secondary to renal venous hypertension. Thus, aggressive decongestive therapy with combination loop and thiazide diuretics must be utilized more frequently in managing worsening renal failure with type 1 cardiorenal syndrome. This imperative is even most compelling in resource-poor settings where mechanical ultrafiltration with dialysis machines is not available or simply not affordable, in a bid to alleviate renal venous congestion and therefore improve kidney function.

Please cite this paper as: Onuigbo MAC. Decongestive diuresis using combination intravenous loop diuretics plus chlorothiazide in type 1 acute cardiorenal syndrome and worsening acute kidney injury; a neglected paradigm in resource-poor settings. J Nephropharmacol. 2020;9(2):e13. DOI: 10.34172/npj.2020.13.

First Name
 
Last Name
 
Email Address
 
Comments
 
Security code


Abstract View: 226

Your browser does not support the canvas element.


PDF Download: 105

Your browser does not support the canvas element.