Submitted: 07 Aug 2022
Accepted: 19 Nov 2022
ePublished: 27 Nov 2022
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J Nephropharmacol. 2023;12(1): e10574.
doi: 10.34172/npj.2022.10574

Scopus ID: 85146821502
  Abstract View: 5041
  PDF Download: 2138

Epidemiology and Prevention

Possible nephrotoxic effects of high dose statin therapy; current knowledge

Fariba Ahmadiazar 1 ORCID logo, Mehrdad Rahmanian 2 ORCID logo, Zahra Jalali 3 ORCID logo, Akshaya Joseph 4 ORCID logo, Majid Foroutan 5* ORCID logo

1 Department of Data Science and Biostatistics, Julius Global Health, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
2 Independent Researcher, 2400 Rue Benny-Crescent, Montreal, Quebec, H4B2P7, Canada
3 Department of Pathology, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA
4 Independent Researcher, Toronto, ON, Canada
5 Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Corresponding author: Majid Foroutan, Email: , Email: dr_forotan@yahoo.com

Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:

The 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase (HMG-CoA reductase) inhibitors (i.e., statins) offer several cardiovascular health benefits, however, the adverse effects of these compounds should be carefully considered. High-dose statin therapy could be associated with renal toxicity. The nephrotoxic effects of statins are directly related to higher treatment doses and indirectly related to interactions with other agents, which may increase the serum concentration of statins. Possible mechanisms that can underlie statin-induced nephrotoxicity include changes in cell membrane permeability, reduced ubiquinone levels, and depletion of isoprenoids due to the inhibition of cholesterol production.

Please cite this paper as: Ahmadizar F, Rahmanian M, Jalali Z, Joseph A, Foroutan M. Possible nephrotoxic effects of high dose statin therapy; current knowledge. J Nephropharmacol. 2023;12(1):e10574. DOI: 10.34172/npj.2022.10574.

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