Cisplatin is a first-line antitumor drug which is applied in the therapeutic field of numerous kinds of cancers. The main dose-dependent adverse effect of cisplatin is nephrotoxicity in approximately one-third of patients, who received this drug during their treatment. Oxidative stress is one of the most significant mechanisms in cisplatin nephrotoxicity. Cisplatin-induced oxidative stress stimulates apoptosis, inflammation, mitochondrial damage within cells, and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. The administration of an antioxidant in this context could be a suitable approach for preventing of cisplatin nephrotoxicity. Antioxidants are categorized into four classes: dietary antioxidants, free radical scavengers, thiol-containing compounds, and iron chelators.
Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:
Cisplatin cytotoxicity is mediated by reactive oxygen species generation, reducing antioxidant enzymes and activation of apoptosis and inflammation pathways significantly.
Please cite this paper as: Tolouian R, Tolouian A, Dastan F, Farhangi V, Peymani P, Saeifar S, Borja Montes OF, Mohmoodnia L, Khosravifarsani M, Sadighpour T. Antioxidants and cisplatin nephrotoxicity; an updated review on current knowledge. J Nephropharmacol. 2023;12(1):e10556. DOI: 10.34172/npj.2022.10556.